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ETTW0LQGY OF LOCAL KAMES.                                    845
village Bera, an orchard of ber trees : from !Nahar, a man's name meaning
£ lion,* Nahra ; from Parsn, an abbreviation for Parasu-ram, Parsua ; from Bae
[Sen], Raya; from Paramesvar Das, Pavesara ; and similarly Bisambhara?
Dandisara, &c.
We may now pass on to the first sub-division of class HI., in which are in-
cluded aH such village names as originally were identical, without addition or
alteration of any kind, with the- names borne by the founders ; though the orgin-
al Identity, it must be remembered, is no guarantee against subsequent corrup-
tion. One of the earliest examples in the district is afforded by the village Son,
which is said to have been the capital of a Ei'ija Son—or more probably Sohan
—Pal, a Toinar Thakur from Delhi, Sonkh, Sonsa, anil Sonoth, all three places
in the immediate neighbourhood,, would also seem to be named after him and to
prove that he was an historical personage of at least considerable local impor-
tance. Another interesting illustration, which must also be of early date, is
found in the name Dham Slnlia. Here Bham, which is the obsolete Prakrit
form ofdharma and is not understood at the present day., runs a great risk of beino-
altered by people who aim at correctness, but lack knowledge, into the more in-
telligible word tlkan* In. modem times this style of nomenclature lias been so
prevalent that a single pargana—Mah£-ban—supplies us -with the following ex*
amples, riz., Birbal, Gajn, Misri, Bhura3 Suraj, Barn., Kaiisanga, Xauranga,
Mursena, Bansa, Bhojtia, Bhima, and BUT,. Of these, Ransanga for Blip Siaha
would scarcely have been recognizable but for the aid of local tradition. Occasion-
ally the names of two Brothers, or other joint founders, are combined, as we see in
Sampat-jogij Claiira-hausi^ Bincb~bii!aki? and Barnaul 'The latter is a curious
contraction for HaraNavala; and asl the swing' is one of the popular institutions
of Braj. the word not unfreqnently passes through a further corruption and Is
pronounced Hindol, which means a swing. This will probably before long give
occasion to a legend and a local festival in honor of Mdhi and Krishna.
Under iihe same head comes the apparently Muharnmadan name Koh ;
which, with the addition of the suffix jhil, is the designation of a decayed
town on the left bank of the Jamtma to the north of the district. At no
very great distance, but on the other side of the river, in Gnrgtow, is a
second Koh ; and a third is in the Jalesar pargana^ wHct now forms part of
the Eta district So far as I have any certain knowledge, the name is not
found in any other part of India, though it occurs in Central Asia ; for I learn
from Colonel Godwin Austen that there is a Hoh IE Ladak or ratlier Endok at
the eastern end of the Pangang Lake, and on its very borders. The Y&rkaad